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HomeHealthMedicineCommon Anti-Viral Drugs Can Stop HIV Transmission From Mother To Child

Common Anti-Viral Drugs Can Stop HIV Transmission From Mother To Child

There is at all times a danger of HIV-positive moms passing the an infection to their kids. But a brand new examine has discovered that widespread antiviral medicine can nearly utterly cease this transmission.

The examine, printed within the journal The Lancet HIV, was carried out by researchers from Karolinska Institutet, Sweden. The examine confirmed there was lower than a 2% probability of a mom on antiviral remedy passing on the HIV an infection to her kids.

The examine gained extra significance because it was in a position to scale back transmission charges even in a low-income nation with a excessive HIV incidence resembling Tanzania.

“HIV transmission from mother to child can in principle be stopped completely with modern antiviral drugs. But so far it has not been demonstrated in low-income countries in Africa with a high incidence of HIV infection,” first creator, Goodluck Willey Lyatuu, doctor and postdoctoral researcher on the Department of Global Public Health at Karolinska Institutet, mentioned, reported MedicalXpress.

The findings present a shot within the arm for the World Health Organization’s objective of utterly stopping the transmission of HIV infection from mom to youngster.

UNAIDS, a UN group, says that the probabilities of kids born to HIV-positive moms in Tanzania, attributable to an infection within the womb, throughout childbirth, or through breast milk, is 11%. The new examine lowers the estimate considerably.

The researchers adopted greater than 13,000 HIV-positive, pregnant ladies, in one among Africa’s largest cities, Dar es Salaam, in Tanzania. These ladies had been on antiviral remedy as a part of maternity care between 2015 and 2017.

The ladies and the youngsters had been adopted for 18 months after delivery, a time when a lot of the moms had stopped breastfeeding. Surprisingly, solely 159 kids had been discovered to be contaminated with the virus.

Factoring within the margin error, this roughly interprets to a danger of just one.4%.

“It is one of the largest cohort studies published from Africa on the risk of HIV transmission from mother to child where the baby is followed until the end of the breastfeeding period,” co-author, Anna Mia Ekström, scientific professor on the Department of Global Public Health at Karolinska Institutet, mentioned, based on the outlet.

The danger of an infection was not evenly distributed. It was greater than double in ladies who obtained remedy late in being pregnant or had been at superior levels of HIV. In the identical means, the chance of an infection was discovered to be simply 0.9% in ladies who had already obtained the remedy once they grew to become pregnant.

While the general probabilities of an infection had been discovered to be minimal, Anna Mia Ekström warned that “it is still important to improve early HIV diagnosis, optimize follow-up measures, and offer specialist support to young mothers.”

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